On March 12, 1928, William Mulholland, Harvey Van Norman and Tony Harnischfeger hiked down the dry side of the newly filled St. Francis Dam in California, inspecting worrisome leaks. Mullholland was the mastermind behind Los Angeles’ new aqueduct — a 233-mile series of man-made rivers and reservoirs that would eventually bring much-needed water to the San Fernando Valley. Before he left that day, Mulholland reassured Harnischfeger that, even though the leaks needed to be fixed, they didn’t represent a serious structural danger. That evening, the dam gave way, and 400 people living below the dam, including Tony Harnischfeger, were washed down the valley. It was a tragedy that could have been avoided.
We still have preventable tragedies, such as breadth of the pandemic and the Beirut explosion, but we also have advanced science that can give us quick vaccines, improvements in cyber security, fewer auto accidents through safer vehicles and greater access to relevant data from health and wellness to weather and water leaks.
Those of us in insurance technology know how knowledge can help us take advantage of opportunities and avoid risks. At Majesco, to help us look ahead, we gather insurer viewpoints and assess strategic priorities. This year’s survey report, Strategic Priories 2021: The Insurance Industry Shift Hits Hyper-Acceleration for Digital Business Models, the first of two reports, is especially crucial to an understanding of priority shifts: how COVID-19 affected insurer priorities and how those who are accelerating key strategies are leaping forward.
In today’s blog, we’ll see that the COVID pandemic is not the only challenge insurers face. We’ll take a close look at what concerns insurers today.
Internal Challenges — Insurance Execs Share Their Views
Majesco surveyed insurance executives regarding these internal challenges:
- Digital capabilities
- Data security
- Legacy systems
- Aligning IT and business strategies
- Data and analytics capabilities
- Talent (retention, availability)
- Change management
- Aging workforce/retirements
- Post-COVID work environment
Of the 11 internal challenges in the survey, five show indications of becoming more the “norm” of doing business (Figure 1): Digital capabilities, Aligning IT and business strategies, Data and analytics capabilities, Data security and Talent (availability, retention). These challenges showed steady increases in concern over time but peaked in 2018-19 and have trended lower over the past two years. This trend likely suggests that companies have adapted to these norms through improved capabilities, adjusting expectations or increased confidence via the benefit of experience gained.
However, the question remains … Do these perceptions match reality? A few examples:
- Many insurers embraced portals, but most of these do not deliver a next-gen, holistic digital experience that customers, employees and distribution partners want and expect and that is part of a digital maturity that is needed.
- Insurers have made progress getting their internal data sources in order but still struggle to realize the benefits of a fully integrated data environment consisting of internal and new external structured and unstructured sources, with AI/ML-generated insights.
- Given increasingly severe data breaches, data security may be more of an illusion than reality for many critical industries like insurance and why the need for cyber insurance is so critical.
- The reliance on an aging IT workforce to keep old legacy systems running should shift insurer priorities to rapid legacy transformation, including no code/low code capabilities.
Figure 1: Declining levels of concern about internal challenges
The challenges regarding Budget and Legacy systems remain steady, with above average concern in every survey. Budgets will likely always be a universal source of discomfort, but as companies begin to establish new operating models that have new cost structures and shift IT expenses from capital expenditures to operating expenditures, companies open up the opportunity to reallocate resources to new initiatives.
While many insurers have completed or begun legacy transformation projects, many of these are non-platform modern, on-premise implementations that are the “new legacy” systems and are now being replaced by next-gen, cloud-based digital insurance platforms. This next-gen platform has superior capabilities that meet the needs of today’s and tomorrow's insurance customers, including no code/low code capabilities.
See also: 5 Things to Know When Integrating AI
Interestingly, four new internal challenges in this year’s results all garnered lower levels of concern: Innovation and Change management, Digital and Data/Analytics capabilities and IT-Business alignment. Low levels of concern over Aging workforce/retirements and post-COVID work environment align with the downward trend in concern over Talent (availability, retention). These could be blind spots for many companies, which we’ll discuss in a moment.
Talent and Retention — IT Crisis or Minor Business Conundrum?
It is not surprising that IT executives are much more concerned about internal talent issues than their business counterparts, as seen in figure 2. Their 25% higher concern about the availability and retention of talent is driven by the fact that they face stiff competition with insurtech and Big Tech for employees with the skills needed to transform to digital-first insurers. Until they can achieve the transformation, however, IT needs to retain as much of its aging workforce as possible to maintain legacy systems and keep the current business running. This lack of alignment is problematic, meaning resources are allocated to business as usual rather than focused on creating the business needed for the future.
Figure 2: Levels of concern over talent issues, IT vs. Business
External Challenges — Insurance Execs Share Their Views
Majesco surveyed insurance executives regarding these external challenges:
- Changing customer expectations
- Emerging technologies
- Regulatory requirements
- COVID-19’s impact on target markets
- Pace of change
- Growing market availability of new/innovative insurance products
- New competition from outside the insurance industry
- New competition from inside the insurance industry
- The rise of direct sales (B2C and B2B)
- The rising cost of the agent channel
- AM Best innovation score
This year, we see declining concern for several external challenges, including Changing customer expectations, Regulatory requirements, Pace of change and New competition from inside the insurance industry. It appears that insurers are feeling more confident in these areas, either through improved capabilities, adjusted expectations or experience (or a combination of these).
However, as with the internal challenges, is there a risk of being too comfortable, confident and complacent, particularly coming out of COVID? Andreessen Horowitz says that e-commerce increased more in the last six months than in the entire decade beforehand! Add to this the emerging customer experiences from fintech and retailers such as Sofi and Amazon that are creating experiences, rather than transactions. Majesco research indicates that customers are willing to share their data if it leads to more personalized products and pricing that fit their changing lifestyles and risks, like on-demand and embedded insurance.
In addition, concerns have been nearly flat or declined slightly in concern over Emerging technologies, New competition from insurtech, startups, MGAs and New competition from tech giants from outside the insurance industry. This last challenge issue is a concerning blind spot, as experimentation and market entries by players from outside the industry accelerates. Consider a few recent examples:
- Intuit launches QuickBooks insurance and 401K services — QuickBooks customers can now protect their businesses with comprehensive insurance coverage and offer their employees a 401(k) benefit, traditionally offered only by large companies. This integration will enable QuickBooks users to seamlessly obtain a customized quote and easily purchase general liability, professional liability and workers' compensation coverage from Next Insurance with a few clicks of a button, directly from their QuickBooks account.
- Petco launches insurance — In October, Petco announced the launch of Vital Care, a paid annual plan providing pet parents with a convenient, affordable way to meet their pets' routine wellness needs.
- Walmart offers pet insurance and health insurance — In November, Walmart announced it added pet insurance as animal adoptions soar during the pandemic. The company is offering insurance through Petplan and connecting people to pet sitters or dog walkers through Rover. In July 2020, it was announced that Walmart was launching a health insurance arm — dubbed Walmart Insurance Services — to sell plans to consumers. Walmart's low prices and wide footprint could pose a threat to insurance startups — especially those firms breaking into the Medicare Advantage market.
- Tesla insurance approved in Texas — In December 2020, the Texas Department of Insurance approved filings for insurance to be underwritten by a third-party Austin-based insurer and distributed by Tesla Insurance Services, which follows the company’s 2019 launch in California. Tesla’s Texas program uses driver behavior-based data collected by the vehicle as an input to determining at-fault collision rates. The program also covers cyber identity fraud expenses, electronic key replacement, loss or damage to the original wall charger and loss when the vehicle is being driven by autopilot.
As industry and market trends evolve, so do the topics covered by our annual survey. We added five new external challenges this year. Although these don’t have historical results for trending, COVID’s Impact on Your Target Markets had the fourth-highest overall ranking among all 14 external challenges, reflecting the real uncertainty on the pandemic’s effect on the economic health of consumers and businesses, and the impact for insurance.
Growing market availability of new/innovative insurance products ranked sixth, tied with insurtech, ranking higher than the challenges from new competition from inside and outside the industry, suggesting that incumbent insurers more strongly associate insurtech with these new offerings – again, another potential blind spot on new competition.
The remaining three new issues, rise of direct sales, rising cost of the agent channel and AM Best innovation score, had considerably lower ratings than all other external challenges. (See Figure 3.) Again, are these blind spots, or do insurers have a good handle on these challenges? With e-commerce rising across all industries and demographic shifts in channel preference, we expected higher ratings on these two channel challenges. With the lackluster results of AM Best’s first Innovation Assessment mentioned earlier, it is somewhat surprising that this issue came in dead last.
Figure 3: New external challenges added to the survey
Key Differences Among Segments
Aggregating the ratings across all internal and external challenges highlights some key differences between direct written premium (DWP) tiers and line of business segments. The largest tier is much more concerned about internal challenges overall. This suggests that the complexity of the large organizations leads to a higher number of challenges that can be a hindrance to agility. Smaller companies should have an advantage here with less bureaucracy and complexity – but old systems could also be a hindrance negating this advantage. Replacing these systems with next-gen core platforms should now be of the utmost urgency.
See also: Claims Development for COVID (Part 1)
Companies with new products are much more concerned about the internal and external challenges, as highlighted by the aggregated rating comparisons. (See Figure 4.) The L&A/Group Only segment is a close second on five of these. This makes sense when you consider that these companies are challenging the status quo with non-traditional products and blazing trails, which can exacerbate existing challenges (e.g. IT, talent, etc.) as well as bringing up brand new challenges.
Figure 4: Differences in aggregate levels of concern over internal and external challenges by lines of business
How does your opinion rank within these challenges? Can knowledge open your organization up to the opportunities in our midst?
Do you know what you don’t know?