January 4, 2016
Will Policies Break Down Into Apps?
Look at how airlines have shifted to a la carte menus for seats, meals, etc. and imagine insurance policies as apps, driven by new flows of data.
With the news that Uber is partnering with Metromile to offer Uber drivers “pay-per-mile” insurance, along with AirBnB announcing host protection insurance to supplement existing insurance policies on rooms and houses, we may be seeing the first cracks in the decades-old marketplace for all-encompassing insurance policies.
And really the change should not surprise us. After all, it was just a few years ago when an airline ticket bought you everything: the seat you wanted, free drinks and hot meals even in the economy cabin and transportation for your luggage. These days, your ticket buys you admittance to the inside of the airplane-and basically nothing else. Every other option is now on an a la carte menu-Wi-Fi, beverages, meals, bags, preferred seating, movies. The whole experience is an upsell by the airlines.
Now that the door has been cracked a bit, what might be next? Well, as seen with the awesome app MyFitnessPal being acquired by UnderArmour, in industry after industry the advantage is all about the apps and the data. And if apps in cars can now track how far we drive and how often we’re slamming on the brakes, to save us money on our auto insurance, might we also be able to save some money on our health insurance by providing our health data to our carriers as well?
After all, when I step on my Fitbit Aria scale, it knows my weight and body mass index (BMI). MyFitnessPal knows what I’m eating and drinking, and, if I’m lying, the scale will catch me. If I go paleo and lose 10 pounds or complete an hour of CrossFit every day, shouldn’t I be rewarded with a lower health premium? Previously, you’d have to take a blood test and tell the underwriter if you were a smoker. But what if my rates could vary based on how healthy a lifestyle I’m leading?
And once you drive your health through this gap, you can disaggregate any part of our lives into the proverbial Chinese menu of costs. Might I pay more for life insurance if I drive my family vs. flying, which is inherently less safe? What about feeding my travel itinerary into an app and getting personalized travel insurance based on what I do on vacation? And don’t get me started on the “Internet of Things.” We already provide our thermostat and carbon dioxide levels to Google through their Nest products-shouldn’t we get a rebate from our homeowner’s policy for keeping the house at a cool 68 degrees?
What’s interesting about these scenarios is how easily they flow once you get started. Which is how the whole apps market works-you break down a process into pieces and start to handle the individual parts.
So why wouldn’t we want to do the same with our insurance?
As younger people continue to lead the movement toward the sharing economy, showing less propensity to care about exchanging data for cost savings, it’s an increasingly interesting question. In a recent survey by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), 43% of drivers between the ages of 18 and 29 said they would consider enrolling in a pay-per-mile insurance policy-and that’s with only a few carriers offering such programs. There’s no doubt that the world is moving to this model.
Of course, the $100,000 question is, “when is enough, enough?” Will altruistic motivation among younger people to lower greenhouse gases and pollution triumph? Will $200 a year less in health insurance premiums be worth the cost of sending your Fitbit data to your health insurer? Will I choose to let someone track my movements in my house in exchange for preferential rates on my homeowner’s policy?
While we can’t say for certain right now, it’s not a huge leap to expect that, at some point, we’ll all be asked to “name our price.”