A majority of the population of countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development is now classified as overweight or obese, with weight-related health costs accounting for up to 10% of total healthcare spending. Levels of obesity are also rising in the developing world.
Excess weight can lead to multiple health issues, increasing the number of sick days, as well as health insurance premiums. In addition, poor health costs U.S. companies U.S. $227 billion a year in lost productivity, while U.K. companies are losing £29 billion a year (U.S. $45 billion) through sick leave costs. With lack of physical activity during modern office workdays, a core contributing factor to the sedentary lifestyles that are increasing obesity, encouraging exercise is in everyone’s interests.
The question is no longer so much whether you should invest in employee wellness, but how.
Numerous studies have shown benefits from encouraging employees to exercise:
- Reduced employee susceptibility to illness: Walking briskly for 35-45 minutes a day can lead to a 50% reduction in sick days.
- Better problem solving: Want your employees to get better at solving problems and innovating? Aerobic exercise has been shown to boost both positivity and creativity.
- Boosted brainpower: Exercise has been shown to boost some cognitive functions as much as 10%, while regular exercise can improve memory, and high-impact running can increase learning potential.
- Increased energy: Regular moderate exercise boosts energy and reduces feelings of fatigue, as well as helping regulate sleep patterns, which increases daytime productivity.
- Increased efficiency: Daytime exercise (especially around lunchtime) improves time management and mood.
- Improved mental health: Physically active employees are significantly less likely to suffer from depression or job burnout.
- More capable management: Getting managers exercising not only reduces their stress levels but makes them better managers, according to some studies.
There are several approaches companies can take that can help even the most reluctant employee start adopting a more healthy lifestyle. However, it’s important to remember that, to get the benefit, it is important that employees see the exercise as enjoyable and practical, not as a chore. Here are just a few:
- Calorie-counted staff cafés: Consuming too many calories is the key cause of most weight issues, so helping staff manage their intake by providing healthy yet nutritious meals at an on-site café can be a major boost. In addition, several studies have shown that workplace cafés can act as social hubs that boost employee engagement and motivation.
- On-site gyms: Employees are more likely to exercise if it is convenient, while time lost traveling to an off-site gym can reduce productivity and increase stress. On-site company gyms can save employees an average of $58 a month in membership fees — and make it easy to get the productivity and health benefits of daytime exercise.
- Discounts for regular workouts: With the rise of wearable fitness tracking devices come new opportunities to monitor employee lifestyles, and reward the healthy ones. The ability to keep track of employee activity is sparking a fresh wave of apps that could help reduce insurance premiums if adopted at scale.
- Standing desks: Studies have shown standing desks — a popular alternative in modern workplaces — lead to an increased heart rate, improved energy levels and employees burning as much as 20 additional calories an hour. Long periods of sitting, meanwhile, have been associated with increased mortality across a range of illnesses, with some doctors warning that sitting is the new smoking.
- Cycle-to-work schemes: As well as saving employees money (as much as $7.3 billion a year in the U.S. alone) and being a great way to burn off excess calories, cycling to work is, on average, associated with one less sick day per year than for non-cycling colleagues.
- Group calisthenics: One of the oldest workplace wellness programs (still popular in many Asian countries), organized all-company workouts are starting to make a comeback in the West. Though they can be awkward at first, done right they can boost team spirit and employee health.
It has become a truism that employees are businesses’ biggest asset. Just as you would invest in keeping your machinery operating at its best through regular maintenance, investing in maintaining your staff’s health is increasingly vital. Not only could it be good for productivity, but studies have shown that such programs can be vital in both attracting and retaining top talent. With staff turnover rates increasing across the world, if you want to thrive in the long term, investing in employee health and wellness could be an increasingly important strategy to keep your people active, productive and engaged.
“Instead of viewing exercise as something we do for ourselves — a personal indulgence that takes us away from our work — it’s time we started considering physical activity as part of the work itself. The alternative, which involves processing information more slowly, forgetting more often and getting easily frustrated makes us less effective at our jobs and harder to get along with for our colleagues.” – Harvard Business Review
“Workplace wellness and community prevention programs are a win-win way to make a real difference in improving our health and bottom line all at once.” – Jeff Levi, executive director, Trust for America’s Health
“Employees are eight times more likely to be engaged when wellness is a priority in the workplace.” – World Economic Forum
“This article originally appeared onTheOneBrief.com, Aon’s weekly guide to the most important issues affecting business, the economy and people’s lives in the world today.”
- Are Wellness Programs Right for Your Company? – Entrepreneur, May 2015
- Companies Take a Broader View of Employee Wellness Programs – The Washington Post, June 19, 2015
- The Dark Side of Corporate Wellness Programs – Fast Company, June 8, 2015
- Meta-evaluation of Workplace Health Promotion Economic Return Studies – The Chapman Institute
- Measuring Wellness: From Data to Insights – Economist Intelligence Unit
- Wellness and Beyond: Employers Examine Ways to Improve Employee Health and Productivity, Reduce Cost – Aon report